Unlike some countries where a single faith is dominant, Korean culture contains a wide range of religious components which have shaped the people’s manner of thinking and behaviour.
Historically, Koreans dwelt below the influences of shamanism, Buddhism, Daoism or Confucianism and also in contemporary times, the Christian faith has made strong in roads to the nation, bring forth yet another essential aspect which may alter the spiritual landscape of the individuals.
The rapid rate of industrialization which happened within a number of decades compared to a number of countless years in the West, has brought about significant nervousness and alienation while interrupting the satisfaction of Koreans, supporting their quest for solace in religious activities.
Based on a 1995 social statistics study, 50.7 percent of Koreans follow a particular religious faith. The shaman, mudang in Korean, is a middleman who is able to link the living with the spiritual world in which the dead live.
The shaman can also be believed to solve disagreements and anxieties which may exist between the living and also the dead. Korean shamanism contains the worship of a large number of spirits and devils that are believed to live at all object in the natural world, including rocks, trees, mountains and also streams as well as celestial bodies. Shamanism in ancient Korea was a faith of fear and superstition, but for contemporary generations, it remains a colourful and creative component of their culture.
The introduction of more advanced religions like Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism didn’t result in the abandonment of shamanistic beliefs and also practices. Shamanism has remained an underlying faith of the Korean people and a vital facet of their culture. Buddhism was introduced to Korea in 372 CE throughout the Koguryo Kingdom period by a monk named Sundo who originated from Qian Qin Dynasty China. When Japan intentionally took over Choson as a colonial ruler in 1910, it made efforts to absorb Korean Buddhism sects with those of Japan.
These efforts nevertheless failed and even led to a revival of interest in native Buddhism among Koreans. The past few years have seen Buddhism undergo a kind of renaissance regarding efforts to adjust to the modifications of modern society.
Son oriented Korean Buddhism continues to be growing significantly with lots of foreigners following in the footsteps of revered Korean monks through training at Songgwang-sa temple in South Cholla province and also Son centers in Seoul and also provincial towns.
For Kory Dynasty in the 10th century, Buddhism was the state religion, and also Confucianism formed the philosophical and also architectural backbone of the state.